Almost 74% of Zimbabwes population relies on biomass for cooking. The heavy dependency on biomass has huge implications for environment, gender, health, and poverty alleviation. According to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Zimbabwe lost an annual average of 327,000 hectares of forests between 1990 and 2010. In addition, women walk long distance collect firewood.
With so many communities relying on biomass, biomass efficient stoves can make a significant difference. According to a study by FAO biomass-efficient stove reduces wood consumption by about 60 percent and charcoal consumption by 80 percent. This means that an average household saves about 730 kg of wood yearly.
As part of natural resource management SIRP is promoting the use of Tsotso stoves. The programme trained 60 farmers in construction and management of the energy efficient Tsotso stove. The objectives of the training were
What is a Tsotso Stove
The tsotso stove, is a specially designed open clay pot with openings at its sides where you put little sticks of wood to make a fire. Tsotso is vernacular word for small sticks. It is these little sticks that are used to cook a meal to feed a whole family. The combustion system is extremely efficient and the stove effectively burn small pieces of wood, and other waste. The advantages of tsotso stove include